Monthly Archives: August 2021


COVID -19 is a short name for the disease known as novel coronavirus 2019. Coronaviruses are a large group of similar viruses; some are known to infect humans. There are many different COVID -19 vaccines developed worldwide. You may be wondering how long after the second dose you have full immunity. The COVID -19 vaccine being so new and it studied so less, so questions are highly predictable. All the countries are still healing from the second wave of COVID -19 and undergoing strengthening of healthy immunity. Light fever and weakness are common after vaccines and these are normal to build immunity. First of all COVID -19 vaccines work depending on our body, that is how our body fights against illness. A strong immune system includes several tools to fight against infection. The vaccine contains inactive parts of particular antigens and newer vaccines contain the blueprint for producing antigens to oppose and fight the specific disease-causing virus. Inside the virus, genetic material called RNA is made up of genes, genes carry the information to make more copies of the virus. COVID -19 vaccine given with the needle triggers the immune response of the body. Influenza vaccines can trigger an immune response by mimicking viral infection. Vaccines are a product of science and train the body’s immune system to create a memory. When a pathogen again infects in the future, the body will rapidly prevent disease by remembering the threat. First Corona virus vaccine can prevent more than 90% of people from getting COVID -19; there are around a dozen vaccines in the final stages of testing.

Nations around the globe are racing to vaccinate people against the COVID - 19 virus. The scientific studies suggest that taking two doses of vaccine is significant for achieving the antibody response that provides overall protection and creates lasting immunity. The second dose activates the immune system much more quickly within a week of dose two. The second dose increases immunity tenfold and offers much stronger and long-lasting protection from the injection. COVID - 19 vaccines are safe and effective against severe disease and death from variants of the virus that causes COVID - 19. Two weeks after full vaccination like Pfizer and Modern vaccines are fully approved to protect, but after a single dose vaccine, you still need to follow the prevention methods such as wearing a mask and social distancing. COVID - 19 vaccines approved by WHO continue to be monitored to have a high efficacy rate of 50% or above. Immunity does not happen immediately after vaccination, because of this you can still become sick during this time frame.

Types of Immunity and Vaccines

Natural Immunity- Natural Immunity is the body’s actual immune response to produce antibodies against infection.

Vaccine-Induced Immunity- Vaccination starts producing antibodies to protect from diseases in the future.

Different Vaccines have different time periods to give a positive response.

· Pfizer- after Pfizer vaccine immunity starts developing about 12 days after the first jab.

Full immunity reached about 7 days after the second dose.

Pfizer is 92% effective after the first dose and 95% after the second dose. · Modern- Immunity starts developing from the 14th day after the first shot. Full immunity starts developing after 14 days of the second dose. The vaccine has an 80% efficacy rate after the first & 94% after the second dose. · Johnson & Johnson- Partial immunity starts developing after 2 weeks of shot. Full immunity develops after 28 days of the second shot.

Vaccines are 66% effective after full vaccination. 

 How Long Will Immunity Last?

Natural Immunity- Three types of white blood cells protect the immune system Macrophages, B- Cells, and T- Cells.

  • Macrophages- Macrophages are white blood cells produced in bone- marrow, get matured and released into the bloodstream. The role of macrophages is to ingest and destroy bacteria, viruses, clean up debris and other harmful particles. That means macrophages will attack and break the viruses and bacteria when we are sick or shortly after the vaccine.
  • B- Cells- B- Cells are key players in the body’s adaptive immune response. B Cells play a crucial role to produce antibodies that recognize unique parts of invading viruses, B- Cells fight bacteria and viruses. That means if the same infection gets into the body again, B- Cells will make unique antibodies and kill the infection right away.
  • T- Cells- T- Cells have two types- Helper T- Cells and Killer T- Cells. T- Cells take care of B- Cells. T- Cells are slightly modified throughout the human lifetime. T Cells kill the damaged cells and the infection inside of them.

Vaccine-Induced Immunity- The same process after a vaccine is followed by the body to develop immunity. B- Cells, T- Cells, and Macrophages play the same role. Vaccines help the body to develop T- Cells and B- Cells that will remember how to fight the virus in the future.

Protection After Vaccine- Scientists have seen that vaccines will protect most people for the first few months after getting the second dose and no one really knows how long immune response and how many years from now COVID - 19. Vaccination has long-term protection and Key things to know about COVID - 19 vaccines.

Effectiveness- COVID - 19 vaccines are effective, they can keep you from getting and spreading the virus, you may resume many activities you did before the pandemic. Get vaccination regardless of whether you already have COVID - 19. For non- non-vaccinated communities, COVID is still a threat, even for those who did not have symptoms. Vaccines are not experimental but went through all required stages of clinical trials. Vaccines teach our immune system to recognize and fight the virus causes COVID - 19.

Mild – Reaction- after COVID -19 vaccination, you may have some side effects. The side effects from COVID - 19 vaccination such as tiredness, headache, or chills may affect your ability to do a daily activity but will go away in a few days. Vaccines are designed to give you immunity without the dangers of getting the disease. These mild effects after getting the vaccination signs that your body is building protection. Serious allergic reactions to the COVID -19 vaccines are rare. These minor symptoms usually happened after the second dose rather than the first.

Take Precautions- The far most essential precaution after taking the COVID vaccine is to continue wearing a mask after both doses. In fact, double mask protection Is still recommended. Vaccination allows you to stay unmasked, but it does not mean you should stop practicing precautions such as masking, social distancing, and hand hygiene.

Do & Don’ts after COVID - 19 Vaccination to Boost Immunity

 1. Do’s – 

  • Drink plenty of water, and a hydrated body will reduce the symptoms you may face, preventing you from feeling sick.
  • Eating a well-established diet such as green vegetables, turmeric, and garlic helps to boost immunity. Vitamin –C-rich fruits also fight the vaccine side effects.
  • In case a person has allergies to medication or drugs, it is important to get an all-clear from medical practitioners such as people on steroids and diabetes.
  • Vaccinated lactating mothers should continue breastfeeding as babies can get through milk.

2. Don’ts- 

  •  Don’t be afraid after vaccination, some feel unpleasant, dizzy, and feel strong pain. Don’t worry about the post-effects of Vaccination. These effects give signs that your body is naturally reacting to the vaccine.
  • It all depends on your body to handle the effects of the vaccine. Your body needs to rest as much as possible. Don’t do such strenuous activities within the first 24 hours. Start light exercise after 24 hours of the COVID vaccine.
  •  Do not consume alcohol or smoke, Avoid tobacco also. Alcohol affects the body’s immune system negatively and there is a chance that the immune response to the vaccine may not be as effective.
  • Do not miss other necessary vaccines, and do not stop taking precautions. A person could still get infected by COVID -19 in a few days immediately following the vaccination because the person would not have had enough time to develop immunity.

 Contact Active Physical Therapy 





Running is arguably the most basic form of exercise. Runners face many challenges in their life, they get hurt,stay busy and tired. Back pain is very common nowadays not only for runners or athletes, 70% of the population has been facing the same issue. They go to the doctor’s clinic and miss their official and routine work. Sports injuries are also another concept to consider the back pain from muscle aching to a shooting, burning or stabbing sensation. Most back pains gradually improve with home treatment and self care. Repeated heavy lifting or sudden awkward movement cause muscle or ligament strain and spasms. Osteoarthritis can affect lower back pain. Pain can be acute, sub acute or chronic under the categories of muscles, bones, lower back, buttocks and specific sensation is sharp, electric, burning type pain that can originate from any part of the body. When an injury at some point extended break at your movements due to pain but there is good news your muscles have a memory of those past activities. A few things are common if you want to run after acute or chronic back pain. Start with your own unique challenges and requirements to help your body. To get back to running after a long interval follow some important steps:-

Understand The Cause

Whenever a long interval enters in any kind of activity it is difficult to start from the point you left and there must be a cause that why a person left that from schedule. In the case of a runner Runner spine’s vertebrae and discs experience extra pressure, lower back pain due to bending or lifting in high frequency. At the same time, to get back to your recovery track, you should go to the doctor to diagnose why you have back pain. You don’t need any scans if you are going through a short term of pain but if you have a sudden injury you should take your extra care for diagnosing the reason. After this process the doctor will arrange a PT for you, to skip the doctor you can go to the Physical Therapy, A skilled Physical Therapist will be able to access you and provide you with diagnosis and treatment plan. Developing muscle strength and aerobic capacity at rehab will help to reschedule your elapsed exertion.

 Don’t let your Injury keep you Down

When you are suffering from an acute back injury, take a rest for a couple of days after bending, twisting or straining. Don’t rest too much time after injury because the more time you take to get comfortable, the more it will feel hard to come back. At the prior times of injury more chances are there to function properly within a week or 2 weeks. In fact unused muscles switch themselves off. For that reason, start walking by the wall as your pain decreases, begin normal and slow movements such as walking around the house, and start slow and regular exercise. Listen to your body if you are feeling any tenderness, communicate with your Physical Therapist who can alleviate pain and regain function. They must focus on the exercises and stretches designed for you in PT sessions.

 Celebrate Each Step

Start counting your progress day by day, try warming up under your Healthcare’s treatment plan. A Physical Therapist will also identify your weak points so that he/she can analyse where to give stress and rest so you can handle the pain with comfort. If you have any impact on joints, PT will schedule not only running but runs with biking, swimming which will make cardiovascular endurance without stressing your joints. Sometimes the runners get frustrated as one who was running 40- 50 miles per week is not able to walk around. Be positive, your positive emotions reinforce you to get back in action. Commit yourself to join body strength training sessions in the Rehab Center. Measure day by day progress and praise yourself. Self care works more than healthcare. Your encouragement to yourself will help to design your new road map of success.

 Have Patience

Casual Runners or Professional Athletes always want to run as soon as possible. No one is happy by sitting during an injury. Don’t be scared and do not increase your weekly mileage by more than 10% in order to help your body. Keep in mind and be aware to stress the muscles. Your Pt would design a plan for you to improve your blood flow to your muscles. Don’t increase your running speed before your PT’s recommendations. You can continue if pain does not return. PT always designs a healing and training process from walk to run progression, for each new activity take your time as your body is in healing process and if you are going to exert pressure as you were before strain or injury it will cause more stress and take a long time to heal. Let your body adapt. For a couple of months run on the alternative days to allow for recovery and time for the body. Everyone’s recovery time can be different, as the injury caused can take more or less time to recover as compared to other patients with the same injury.  PT will help you from walk to run with some additional elliptical, cycling, swimming to mix it up during the week. Chances of reinjury are the biggest risk during or after a painful injury. Start under the guidance of your PT to lessen the risk, that will enhance the progression of running in which PT will include to give strength to previous injured tissue.

 Use your Physical Therapy Knowledge

After Rehabilitation when you come back at your home, higher chances of skipping your PT schedule and it hinders the linear progress. Always stay in contact with your Physical Therapy Center and use the plan given by your trainer. Post Rehab, keep in mind your PT is there for you even after you are discharged. Physical Therapy is important to help you get to running as soon as you can. Physical therapists by their equipment analyse the deficiencies in your running style. Therapy team will overdo for your quick recovery with specific therapy techniques. They will educate you on some key concepts for do’s and don’ts. Once or twice a weekly rehab day allows you to keep working at the cause of injury.

Live Smart

Add good habits, avoid lying on one side, get into a neutral position. Don’t look down for a long time without a break. Physical exercises are the dental floss of the running world. Stick to your prescribed physical plan. Runners already know the importance of strong glutes to control your hip rotation and prevent injury pain. Show more attention to your calves, soleus strength.

 To Get Back to Running Consider Rules- 

  • All running to be completed at liberal rate.

  • No speed work until you completely return to the Running phase.

  • Don’t run in a row of days, choose alternative days to give your body time to recover.

  •  Focus on the duration you are adding day by day.

  • Stop the discomfort and judge your each run.

  • Consider 6-8 Rehabilitation Center meetings to your PT in a month.

  • Practice Patience, Get Strong.

Contact Active Physical Therapy